|제목||[하바드대학교]김구포럼 2016 Fall-1|
“Diverging Family Behaviors and Their Implications for Inequality in
Kim Koo Forum on Korea Current Affairs
Date: October 6, 2016 - 4:30pm - 6:00pm
Hyunjoon Park is Korea Foundation Associate Professor of Sociology and Education at the
University of Pennsylvania. He received his Ph.D in Sociology from the University of
Wisconsin-Madison in 2005. Park is interested in educational stratification and family in
cross-national comparative perspective, focusing on South Korea and other East Asian societies.
In recent years, he has studied consequences of rapid family changes for children’s well-being
in societies which have weak public welfare systems and conservative family norms.
Park has published a single-authored book, Re-Evaluating Education in Japan and Korea:
De-mystifying Stereotypes (2013 Routledge) and coedited a book, Korean Education in
Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts (with Kyung-Keun Kim, 2014 Springer) and a
previous volume (Vol. 17) of Research in the Sociology of Education (Globalization, Changing
Demographics, and Educational Challenges in East Asia with Emily Hannum and Yuko Butler, 2010).
Park is the coeditor of the annual series, Research in the Sociology of Education (with Grace Kao).
Chaired by Paul Y. Chang, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Harvard University
During the last few decades, South Korea has experienced dramatic changes in major family
behaviors, which are often more pronounced than corresponding trends in the West.
By comparing the trends in three family behaviors ? marriage, divorce, and living arrangements,
at the bottom and top of socioeconomic hierarchy, this study demonstrates that rapid changes
in family behaviors have not been uniform across social class. Instead, Korea has seen
growing class divide in marriage and divorce, particularly due to the plummeting marriage rate
and soaring divorce rate among the low educated. Meanwhile, the more educated are more likely
to live with their family members than the less educated. This study concludes with implications of
growing polarization of family behaviors for inequality in the next generation.